Ludwig von Bertalanffy Quote

Every organism represents a system, by which term we mean a complex of elements in mutual interaction. From this obvious statement the limitations of the analytical and summative conceptions must follow. First, it is impossible to resolve the phenomena of life completely into elementary units; for each individual part and each individual event depends not only on conditions within itself, but also to a greater or lesser extent on the conditions within the whole, or within superordinate units of which it is a part. Hence the behavior of an isolated part is, in general, different from its behavior within the context of the whole... Secondly, the actual whole shows properties that are absent from its isolated parts.


As cited in: D.C. (1969) "Systems Theory — A Discredited Philosophy". in: Abacus V. p. 4 - Problems of Life (1952, 1960)

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Every organism represents a system, by which term we mean a complex of elements in mutual interaction. From this obvious statement the limitations of ...

Picture Quote 2

Every organism represents a system, by which term we mean a complex of elements in mutual interaction. From this obvious statement the limitations of ...

Picture Quote 3

Every organism represents a system, by which term we mean a complex of elements in mutual interaction. From this obvious statement the limitations of ...

Picture Quote 4

Every organism represents a system, by which term we mean a complex of elements in mutual interaction. From this obvious statement the limitations of ...