Paul Valéry Quote

The commerce of minds was necessarily the first commerce in the world, … since before bartering things one must barter signs, and it is necessary therefore that signs be instituted.
There is no market or exchange without language. The first instrument of all commerce is language.


p. 166. - Regards sur le monde actuel [Reflections on the World Today] (1931)

Picture Quote 1

The commerce of minds was necessarily the first commerce in the world, … since before bartering things one must barter signs, and it is necessary...

Picture Quote 2

The commerce of minds was necessarily the first commerce in the world, … since before bartering things one must barter signs, and it is necessary...

Picture Quote 3

The commerce of minds was necessarily the first commerce in the world, … since before bartering things one must barter signs, and it is necessary...

Picture Quote 4

The commerce of minds was necessarily the first commerce in the world, … since before bartering things one must barter signs, and it is necessary...