Max Eastman Quotes
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An armed seizure of power by a highly organized minority party, whether in the name of the Dictatorship of the Proletariat, the Glory of Rome, the Supremacy of the Nordics, or any other slogan that may be invented, and no matter how ingeniously integrated with the masses of the population, will normally lead to the totalitarian state. "Totalitarian state" is merely the modern name for tyranny.
The real guarantee of freedom is an equilibrium of social forces in conflict, not the triumph of any one force. In trying to build, or defend, a free society, our first concern should be to make sure that no one gang or group - neither the proletariat, nor the capitalists, nor the landowners, nor the bankers, nor the army, nor the church, nor the state itself - shall have unlimited power.
A false and undeliberated conception of what man is lies at the bottom, I think, of the whole bubble-castle of socialist theory. Although few seem to realize it, Marxism rests on the romantic notion of Rousseau that nature endows men with the qualities necessary to be a free, equal, fraternal, family-like living together, and our sole problem is to fix up the external conditions. All Marx did about this with his dialectical philosophy was to change the tenses in the romance: Nature will endow men with the qualities as soon as the conditions are fixed up.