Josiah Willard Gibbs Quote

The laws of thermodynamics, as empirically determined, express the approximate and probable behavior of systems of a great number of particles, or, more precisely, they express the laws of mechanics for such systems as they appear to beings who have not the fineness of perception to enable them to appreciate quantities of the order of magnitude of those which relate to single particles, and who cannot repeat their experiments often enough to obtain any but the most probable results.


From the preface to Elementary Principles in Statististical Mechanics (1902), p. viii. Full book

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The laws of thermodynamics, as empirically determined, express the approximate and probable behavior of systems of a great number of particles, or,...

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The laws of thermodynamics, as empirically determined, express the approximate and probable behavior of systems of a great number of particles, or,...

Picture Quote 3

The laws of thermodynamics, as empirically determined, express the approximate and probable behavior of systems of a great number of particles, or,...

Picture Quote 4

The laws of thermodynamics, as empirically determined, express the approximate and probable behavior of systems of a great number of particles, or,...