Adolf Eugen Fick Quote

A vital phenomenon can only be regarded as explained if it has been proven that it appears as the result of the material components of living organisms interacting according to the laws which those same components follow in their interactions outside of living systems.


Gesammelte Schriften (1904), Vol. 3, 767. Trans. Paul F. Cranefield, 'The Organic Physics of 1847 and the Biophysics of Today', Journal of the History of Medicine and Allied Sciences, 1957


A vital phenomenon can only be regarded as explained if it has been proven that it appears as the result of the material components of living...

A vital phenomenon can only be regarded as explained if it has been proven that it appears as the result of the material components of living...

A vital phenomenon can only be regarded as explained if it has been proven that it appears as the result of the material components of living...

A vital phenomenon can only be regarded as explained if it has been proven that it appears as the result of the material components of living...